Mutual-support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and inpatient rehabilitation are common treatments for alcohol problems. The more familiar term “alcoholism” may be used to describe a severe form of AUD, but physicians, researchers, and others in the medical community tend not to use the word. According to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 51% of the population aged 12 and older reported binge drinking in the past month. For men, this low-risk range is defined as no more than 4 drinks on a given day and no more than 14 per week.

Because of this, people with the genes ADH1B and ALDH2 might be less likely to develop the condition than those without it. As one 2015 article in Nature points out, researchers have not been able to identify a single gene that determines whether or not you develop an addiction. In some people, the initial reaction may feel like an increase in energy. But as you continue to drink, you become drowsy and have less control over your actions. Alcohol use disorder can include periods of being drunk (alcohol intoxication) and symptoms of withdrawal. Anybody can develop an SUD, and they can do it for any number of reasons in their life.

Alcohol use disorder

The journal Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology reports that several genes have been isolated as potential contributors to the hereditary nature of alcoholism. Genetics may play a role in alcohol use disorder (AUD), but other factors might also contribute to the development of this condition. It is now appreciated that a whole spectrum of allele frequencies and
effect sizes may play roles, from common variations with small effects through
rare variants of large effect.

It will be very difficult and unlikely that family can pressure or persuade an aging loved one to stop overusing alcohol when it’s a long time habit. The task at hand for many families is to watch your elder closely, and when or if it seems right, to move them to a supervised living environment. Generally, they can still drink there if they choose to, but perhaps less. When they are still capable of making their own decisions, even bad decisions, family may have no choice but to stay close to them as best they can and observe. Wearable devices can let you and emergency personnel know if they fall. Social contacts and enjoyable activities can reduce stress and consequently, the need for the substances they abuse.

Alcohol Abuse Is Influenced by Environmental and Genetic Factors

Specific genes are being mapped today to try and pinpoint the “addiction gene,” and whether or not there is one gene that will prove to be connected to all people struggling with alcoholism. It believed that genetic, environmental, social, and behavioral is alcoholism hereditary factors all contribute to the onset of addiction and alcoholism. Endorphins, or lack thereof, may also predispose someone to alcoholism, Medical News Today reports. Endorphins are what make you feel good when you do certain things or eat special foods.

When drinking too much becomes a pattern, you greatly increase your chances of developing an alcohol-related problem. Tolerance means you’ll need more alcohol to feel the same effects you used to feel with less. When a partner or close friend frequently drinks, you may be more inclined to join them.

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